The Promise of
2nd Samuel 7
After the promises of eternal life and an eternal inheritance in the land of Israel, God declared that His purpose involved the filling of the whole earth with His glory, see Numbers 14v21. This was part of the promises. In due time, God revealed how this should be accomplished.
The promise of the Kingdom was given to David, who ruled as king over Israel. He had wanted to build a house for God, as a place for the ark. However, God told David that He would build him a house, and establish his kingdom for ever, through His own Son, also the "seed" of David.
"I will set up thy seed..I will be his father, and he shall be my son"- 2nd Samuel 7 v12,14. So we see the clear link between the promises; the seed of the woman, the seed of Abraham, and the seed of David. This "seed" would also be Son of God. See Jesus' words in Matthew 22v41-46.
Some have claimed that all these things have already been fulfilled by Solomon, a son of David, who ruled Israel after his father. However, any such attempt is doomed to failure for the following reasons:
1. The "seed" was to be "set up..after (David)..when (his) days (were) fulfilled, and (he would) sleep with (his) fathers". Solomon, by contrast, was established as king by David whilst he was alive - 1st Kings 1 & 2.
2. David was promised - "thine house and thy kingdom shall be established FOR EVER BEFORE THEE: thy throne shall be established FOR EVER". David is still dead, & the kingdom has been taken away.
David's hope, as with all believers, was the resurrection from the dead - "Thou..shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth. Thou shalt
increase my greatness, and comfort me on every side" - Psalm 71v20,21. Cp Abraham - Hebrews 11v8-16; and Jesus showed that Abraham, Isaac & Jacob must rise again- Luke 20v 27-38...link to 'mortal'.
Cp Acts 23v6; 24v14,15; 26v6-8.
Jesus Christ is "the resurrection and the life" - John 11v25.
The last king of Israel was Zedekiah, and he was told -
"Thus saith the LORD God; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown: this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high. I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and IT SHALL BE NO MORE, UNTIL he come whose right it is; AND I WILL GIVE IT HIM" - Ezekiel 21v26,27. Since that time, BC586, there has not been a kingdom of Israel.
The kingdom of Israel in the past was the Kingdom of God on earth. The future Kingdom of God will be the kingdom of Israel restored. The restoration of the people of Israel (which has already begun) will be completed by the time of the setting up of the Kingdom of God.
1st Chronicles 29v23; 2nd Chronicles 13v8; Psalm 22v28; 114v1,2; Isaiah 1v26; Amos 9v11; Matthew 19v28; Acts 1v3,6,7;Micah 4v6-8;Daniel 2v31-45; Isaiah 11v12; Jeremiah 30v1-11; 31v10; Ezekiel 37v21,22; Zechariah 8v7,8.
Set out below is a comparison between 2nd Samuel 7 & Luke 1.
2nd Samuel 7v8-16 - prophesied of the "seed"
Luke 1v30-35 - applied by the angel to Jesus
To be Son of God -v14- "I will be his father, and he shall be my son"
"the Son of the Highest" - v32, and cp v35
To be son of David - v12 - "thy seed"
His kingdom to be for ever - v13 - "I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever"
"his father David" - v32
"of his kingdom there shall be no end" - v33
David's throne to be restored - v16 - "thy kingdom shall be established for ever..thy throne shall be established for ever"
"the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David" - v32
Israel to form the nucleus of this kingdom - "I will appoint a place for my people Israel (and they shall ) move no more..thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever" - v10,16
"And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever" - v33
To be a Saviour - v14,15 - "If he commit (or, "in his suffering for") iniquity..my mercy shall not depart away from him" and a sacrifice - "I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men" - cp Isaiah 53v5 - "and with his stripes we are healed"
"thou shalt call his name Jesus (sig. 'God will save') - v31 - "he shall save his people from their sins" -Matthew 1v21 - "And they shall put him to death: and he shall rise again" - Luke 18v33
To build (a) a spiritual house and (b) a physical house - v19 - "thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house.." - cp v29..v13 - "He shall build an house for my name" - Zechariah 6v13 - "he shall build the temple of the LORD"
"whose house are we" - Hebrews 3v6 - "ye are the temple of the living God" - 2nd Corinthians 6v16 - "My house shall be called the house of prayer" - Matthew 23v13
FURTHER RE ISRAEL, link to
the promise of life
the promise of the land